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University life in Medicine and Surgery takes place in a campus-like environment with strong integration of support, education, and research. A wide network of structures (that includes university structures, hospitals, emergency departments, ASL (Local Health Public Utilities) districts, general medical practitioners and, to a lesser extent, paediatricians) makes clerkships a highly important and instructive part of the curriculum. Almost one-sixth of the ECTS dedicated to clerkships is to be obtained through professional activities on the territory; an interprofessional clerkship is scheduled for first-year students.
The proximity of educational and hospital facilities simplifies contacts between students and teaching staff, the implementation of integrated courses and early development of a patient-physician relationship through interprofessional clerkships during the first year. In this clerkships, third-year nursing students will tutor medical students promoting the development of interprofessional collaboration and team-work. Some of the clinical ECTS are anticipated to the first years, while some of the pre-clinical ECTS are postponed to the III-IV-V years. The "Dorsale Clinica" is a set of lessons designed to discuss clinical cases with course coordinators; each year from the II to the V includes a "Dorsale Clinica", which will be focused on the topics of the courses held during the specific year. The presence and accessibility of various qualified research groups allow a high integration between didactics and research. Services for students, which include the Erasmus + Programme, the Erasmus Placement Programme, and the Job Placement, expand the opportunities for discussion, acquisition of new skills and methods, and for direct first contact with the labour market.
The approval of this innovations is confirmed by the report ALMALAUREA 2014: 80.2% of our students would re-enrol at this same master degree, confirming the trend of the past eight years which shows our MD to be at the first-second place in the national ranking of graduates' preferences.
The specific purpose of the Master’s Degree in Medicine and Surgery of the University of Turin is to train doctors to carry out their activities in national and international contexts.
The internationalisation is done through contacts with professors from foreign universities, who have various professional experiences and teaching approaches, and by the integration of new medical skills, which are required for physicians in our globalised world.
The degree course offers a multidisciplinary and integrated vision of the common problems of health and disease, as well as an education-oriented towards illness prevention and health promotion. The curriculum focuses on the human being as a whole, and on communication in different cultural and social contexts.
Over the six years, the course is organised as follows:
Basic sciences, with an introduction to medicine and early participation in one of the clinical internship programmes
Morpho-functional knowledge of the human body, human-environmental interactions, and clinical and semiotic methodologies
Theoretical and practical knowledge related to large systems in internal medicine
Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, psychiatric, neurological, and sense organ-related sciences
Maternal-child and reproductive medicine, internal medicine, and oncology, diagnostic laboratory, and radiology
General and emergency medicine and surgery, public health, forensic medicine and professional ethics
The first years of training are characterised by numerous courses that integrate basic and clinical disciplines and are supported by situational and tutorial teaching, advanced simulation tools, and an extensive network of certified internship programmes, to ensure early contact with different types of case studies, pathologies, and patients.
In the subsequent years, in order to offer a wide range of professionalizing internship programmes, the course of study leans on several teaching hospitals, health care and research facilities, emergency networks, general practitioners and paediatricians, and medical and humanitarian organisations engaged in education and health care in Italy and abroad.
Agreements with international and Italian NGOs and non-profit organisations provide students with the opportunity to carry out internship programmes in the field of clinical and social care on all continents.
From the second year of the course, in parallel with the study plan, deserving students who are interested in scientific research can access the MD-PhD programme, which provides additional research training activities and numerous financial benefits, including a scholarship. (See http://www.medicina-mdphd.unito.it.)
Students who do not enter the MD-PhD programme but demonstrate an interest in scientific or clinical research will receive dedicated tutoring for subsequent access to the PhD programme, even after the second year.
Learning basic science laboratory methods, and exposure community and team operating models, precede a period of internship aimed at preparation of a thesis in an interdisciplinary and international manner. Everything is geared toward developing and consolidating clinical and research skills and contributes to the achievement of a skillset expected at training completion.
Proficiency in medical and scientific English, and possibly other languages of the European Community, as well as the opportunity to work abroad, is intended to facilitate placement in international research and cooperation environments, as well as to residency programmes outside Italy.
At the completion of the educational programme, the expected outcomes are those of a graduated physician prepared in every fundamental aspect of medical science, able to start specialised training in any branch of medicine and surgery, to practice medicine in a variety of health systems, to be acquainted with new scenarios brought about by globalisation, and to handle the permanent processes of learning and professional development.
Admission to Italian first cycle degree is usually subject to at least 12 years of secondary school attendance.
Undergraduate students that obtained their secondary school Diploma after a period shorter than 12 years may join the Foundation Programme: a one-year online course providing 60 credits consisting mainly in Italian language and culture and other subjects of interest. International students are allowed to attend the whole programme online in their own countries, except for the final test that will take place at the University of Turin.
Foundation Programme is also open for a maximum amount of 30 credits in Italian language and culture to students whose school year ends six months before the Italian school year and are not required to obtain further University credits.
Information at https://foundationprogrammeme.unito.it/
Knowledge and Comprehension: Summary
At the end of the training, the graduate of Medicine and Surgery has acquired:
In-depth knowledge of cellular, molecular and genetic bases of pathologies and therapies;
Understanding and ability to interpret the morphological and functional abnormalities that are found in different diseases;
The ability to grasp the basic biological mechanisms of defence; the relationship between microorganisms and host in human infections, and related defence mechanisms;
Knowledge of the human life cycle and the effects of growth, development, and ageing on the individual, family, and community of reference;
Interpretation of epidemiology, health economics and bases of health management, especially in light of globalisation;
An in-depth study on the status of international health and global trends in morbidity, and mortality of major chronic diseases from a social point of view, considering the impact of migration, trade. and environmental factors on health, and the role of international health organisations.
The graduate of Medicine and Surgery:
Identifies the main risk factors for health and illness, and the interaction between humans and their physical, social, and cultural environment
Properly performs the appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, in order to safeguard life, and knows how to apply the principles of evidence-based medicine
Manages patients in an effective, efficient, and ethical way, by promoting health and preventing illness
Recognises the need for collective responsibility in health promotion interventions, which require close cooperation with the population, as well as the need for a multidisciplinary approach, including health professionals and intersectoral and international collaboration
Properly uses local surveillance data, and regional and national demography and epidemiology in health decisions
Implements, already at the beginning of a professional activity, major biochemical interventions, pharmacological, surgical, psychological, social and any other required activity, in acute and chronic illness, rehabilitation and end-stage type treatments
Develops and applies original ideas, within the context of biomedical and translational research